世卫组织对卫生杀虫剂中有效成分含量的规定
作者: 来源: 日期: 2010-11-11
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        卫生杀虫剂是防治蚊、蝇、蜚蠊等卫生害虫的化工产品,主要应用于人类居住的生活环境,直接关系到人们的身体健康和生命安全。近年来,我国卫生杀虫剂生产和需求两旺,企业和产品数量不断增多,发展迅速。但在发展中也出现了一些新问题,有些企业片面追求产品的防治效果而忽视了对人和环境的安全因素,产品中农药成分含量偏高。由于卫生杀虫剂的使用场所和使用方法均有别于大田农药,产品中有效成分含量对保证人和环境安全至关重要。世界卫生组织(WHO)对用于卫生杀虫剂的有效成分在不同产品中的含量范围作了规定,现介绍如下,供我国农药生产企业和消费者参考。

 

                                   WHO推荐使用有效成分的含量范围表                                                                    

剂型  中文通用                                      英文通用                有效成分           原药急性经口毒性

              名称                                               名称                   含量范围/%        (LD50mg/kg)        

气雾剂

 

       噁虫威                                              bendiocarb                 0.1~0.5                        55

       生物苄呋菊酯                                  bioresmethrin             0.04~0.2                    7000

       毒死蜱                                             chlorpyrifos                0.1~1.0                       135

       氟氯氰菊酯                                     cyfluthrin                    0.01~0.1                     250

       氯氰菊酯                                         cypermethrin              0.1~0.35                     250

       苯醚氰菊酯                                     cyphenothrin              0.15~0.5                     318

       溴氰菊酯                                         deltamethrin                0.005~0.025               135

       敌敌畏                                             dichlorvos                   0.5~1.0                        56

       右旋苯醚菊酯                                 d-phenothrin               0.05~1.0                     10000

       右旋烯丙菊酯                                 d-allethrin                    0.1~0.5                       500

       右旋反式烯丙菊酯                         d-trans allethrin           0.1~0.5                       500

       醚菊酯                                             etofenprox                   0.5~1.0                       10000

       氰戊菊酯                                         fenvalerate                   0.05~0.3                     500

       氯菊酯                                             permethrin                   0.05~1.0                     500

       炔丙菊酯                                         prallethrin                    0.05~0.4                     460

       残杀威                                             propoxur                      0.5~2.0                       95

       甲基嘧啶磷                                     pirimiphos methyl       0.5~2.0                      2018

       S-生物烯丙菊酯                              s-bioallethrin                0.04~0.7                    700

       胺菊酯                                             tetramethrin                  0.03~0.6                   5000

       蚊香 右旋烯丙菊酯                      d-allethrin                    0.1~0.3                      500

       右旋反式烯丙菊酯                         d-trans allethrin            0.05~0.3                     500

       四氟苯菊酯                                     transfluthrin                 0.02~0.05                  5000

       右旋炔丙菊酯                                 prallethrin                     0.03~0.08                  460

      电热蚊香片 右旋烯丙菊酯            d-allethrin                     25~60mg/              500

       右旋反式烯丙菊酯                         d-trans allethrin            15~30 mg/             500

       右旋炔丙菊酯                                 prallethrin                     6~15 mg/               460

       S-生物烯丙菊酯                             S-bioallethrin                15~25 mg/              700

       四氟苯菊酯                                     transfluthrin                 6~15 mg/               5000

      电热蚊香液 右旋烯丙菊酯            d-allethrin                     3.0~6.0                      500

       右旋四氟苯菊酯                             d-transfluthrin              1.5~6.0                      500

       右旋炔丙菊酯                                 prallethrin                     0.6~1.5                     460

       S-生物烯丙菊酯                              S-bioallethrin                1.2~2.4                     700

       四氟苯菊酯                                     transfluthrin                  0.8~1.5                     5000

 

饵剂

       阿维菌素*                                       abamectin                      0.005~0.1                10

       硼酸                                                 Boric acid                      1.0~52.0    

       毒死蜱                                             chlorpyrifos                  0.1~2.0                    135 

       杀螟硫磷                                         fenitrothion                  1.0~5.0                     503

       氟蚁腙                                             hydramethylnon           1.0~2.15                  1200

       残杀威                                             propoxur                       0.25~2.0                  95

       甲基嘧啶磷                                     pirimiphos methyl        0.5~2.0                    2018

       氟虫胺                                             sulfluramid                    0.5~2.0                    543                  

*国内尚未批准卫生杀虫剂登记