Reminders ofEbola Hemorrhagic Fever prevention for Chinese Citizens in Epidemic Areas
----Strengthen Self-protection, Prevent Ebola Infection
1. What is Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever?
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever is an acute hemorrhagic diseasecaused by Ebola virusinfection. Human beings and primates(such aschimpanzees)infected with Ebola virus are the sources of infection. Thefruit bat is now considered as the naturalreservoir of Ebolavirus.
2.What are the signs and symptoms of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever?
The incubation period of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever is 2-21days.The signs and symptoms of infection include:
(2) Vomiting, sometimes bloody;
(3) Diarrhea, sometimes bloody;
(4) Bleeding, such as nosebleed,gumbleeding;
(5) Muscle or joint pain;
(6) Skin rash.
3. How is Ebola virus transmitted?
The Ebola virus is spread through:
(1)Direct contactwith wounds andbody fluidsincludingblood, saliva, vomitus, stool, urine of infected persons or their contaminants; and infected through skin, respiratory tract or conjunctiva.
(2)Un-sterilized injections or use skin piercing instruments which have been used by an infected person.
(3)Direct physical handling of bodiesthatdied from Eboladisease without personal protection.
(4)Eat meats of wild animals, especially for monkeys, chimpanzees, bats or dead animals.
(5)Eat fruits that bats or wild animals have partly eaten.
4. What should Chinese citizens do in epidemic areas?
(1)Wash hands frequently, immediately wash hands with soap after touching a sick person.
(2) Avoid touching eyes,nose and mouth with un-cleaned hands.
(3)Avoid eating meats of wild animals especially for monkeys, chimpanzees and bats.
(4) Avoid eating fruits that bats or wild animals have partly eaten.
(5) Avoid touching with fever patients come from epidemic areas.
(6)Persons suspected to be suffering from Ebola disease should be referred to the nearest health facility immediately.
(7) Accept health guidance from local Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) after returning back from epidemic areas, home quarantine for 21 days.
5.What should Chinese enterprises/organizationsdo in epidemic areas?
(1)Strengthen the measures of disinfection and protection in residence and working sites.
(2)Reinforce the management of entering and leaving; prohibitthe entry of irrelevant persons.
(3)Reduce non-essential personnel,postponedgroup travels to epidemic areas.
(4)Check body temperaturefor those who have contactedwith Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever patients twice/day (morning and evening) for 3 weeks. Arrange close contacted person for medical treatment immediately if suspicious symptoms (such as fever) occur.
(5)Strengthen health education and improve the ability of self –protection, avoid unnecessary panic.
(6)Register the information (name, flight number, arrival time, port of entry) of persons who arereturning back, and notice the Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of entry port, as well as Business Bureau and CDC of their registered residence areas in advance.
Back cover: In case of finding suspected symptoms, please contact the Chinese Embassy for medical assistance immediately.